jueves, 26 de enero de 2012

COMPARATIVES


COMPARATIVES
COMPARATIVOS




Se forma de dos modos:
Añadiendo al adjetivo el sufijo -er para el comparativo de superioridad y -est para el superlativo.
=
+  er
+ est
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big (grande)
bigger (más grande)
 biggest (el más grande
Anteponiendo la palabra more (más) para el comparativo de superioridad y "the most" para el superlativo
intelligent / inteligentemore intelligent / más inteligentethe most intelligent / el más inteligente
Los adjetivos de una sola sílaba forman el comparativo y el superlativo con -er y -est
old, older, the oldest / viejonew, newer, the newest / nuevodark, darker, the darkest / oscuro
Los de dos sílabas que terminan en er, y, le y ow  y los que tienen el acento (prosódico) en la última sílaba forman también el comparativo y el superlativo con -er y -es
clever, cleverer, the cleverest / listoidle, idler, the idlest / perezosohappy, happier, the happiest / feliznarrow, narrower, the narrowest / estrecho
El resto de adjetivos de dos sílabas y todos los de tres o más forman el comparativo con more y el superlativo con most.
interesting, more interesting, the most interesting / interesante




COMPARATIVOS Y SUPERLATIVOS IRREGULARES
Algunos adjetivos forman el comparativo de manera irregular
good, better, the best / bueno, mejor, el mejorbad, worse, the worst / malo, peor, el peorfar, further, the furthest / lejano, más lejano, el más lejano
CONSIDERACIONES
- Cuando un adjetivo termina en e solamente añade -r y -st para el comparativo y superlativo.
large, larger, the largest / grande, más grande, el más grande
- Cuando terminan en consonante + y cambian la y por i
easy, easier, the easiest / fácil
- Si termina en una sola consonante prededida de una sola vocal, duplica la consonante
big, bigger, the biggest / grande
- El segundo término de la comparación utiliza la forma than que corresponde al que español.
He is taller than his brother / Él es más alto que su hermano
- Cuando la comparación se realiza entre dos adjetivos se usa more.
She is more funny than happy / Ella es más alegre que feliz
- La expresión española "cada vez más" equivale en inglés a los dos comparativos del adjetivo.
The film is becoming more and more interesting / La película se vuelve cada vez más interesante
 







EXERCICES



Completa con el adjetivo comparativo o superlativo de cada palabra. (Ejemplo: good --> better o good --> best)

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Principio del formulario
1. GOOD ---> ---> best

2. OLD --->
---> oldest

3. HAPPY ---> happier --->


4. NICE --->
---> nicest

5. SAD ---> sadder --->


6. SILLY ---> sillier --->


7. FAT --->
---> fattest

8. EASY ---> easier --->


9.
BAD ---> ---> worst

10. LAZY ---> lazier --->



KEYS: 
1. better
2. older
3. happiest
4. nicer
5. saddest
6. silliest
7. fatter
8. easiest
9. badder
10. laziest
Final del formulario


ESCRIBE LOS COMPARATIVOS

  1. This book is _________________that magazine. (CHEAP)
  2. Paris is _____________________Los Angeles. (INTERESTING)
  3. Anna is _______________________ Mary. (TALL)
  4. John is _______________________ Peter. (INTELLIGENT)
  5. Mary _________________________ than Anna. (GOOD)
  6. Mary is ___________________________Anna. (BAD)


KEYS: 

 1. chaper than

2. more interesting than

3. taller than

4. more intelligent than 

5. better than

6. worse than
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Escribe los comparativos y superlativos de los siguientes adjetivos:
1-big
Bigger ,the biggest_______________________________________
2-short
______________________________________________________
3-difficult
______________________________________________________
4-Dangerous
______________________________________________________
5-fat
______________________________________________________
6-narrow
______________________________________________________
7-sad
_______________________________________________________
8-happy
_______________________________________________________
9-slow
_______________________________________________________
10-fast
_______________________________________________________


KEYS:
 2. shorter, the shortest
3. more difficult, the most difficult
4. more dangerous, the most dangerous
5. fatter, the most fattest
6. narrower, the most narrowest
7. sadder, the most saddest
8. happier, the most happiest
9. slower, the most slowest
10. faster, the most fastest

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Traduce las siguientes frases:
1-Carol es mas mayor que Tim
Carol is older than Tim____________________________________
2-Hermione es más inteligente que Ron
______________________________________________________
3-Harry es más rápido que él
_______________________________________________________
4-Charles es más mayor que John
_______________________________________________________

5-Terry lee más rápido que Tom
_______________________________________________________




KEYS: 
2. Herminone is more intelligent than Ron
3. Harry is faster than him
4. Charles is older than John
5. Terry is faster than Tom
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WRITE THE COMPARATIVES

<!--[if !supportLists]-->1)      <!--[endif]-->Mary is _____________ than her sister, isn´t she?.   (young)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->2)      <!--[endif]-->Is te United States ___________ than Mexico?.   (cold)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->3)      <!--[endif]-->The first book is not ____________ than the second one.   (easy)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->4)      <!--[endif]-->Does a cat run ____________ than a dog?.   (fast)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->5)      <!--[endif]-->This exam is ___________ than the last one!.   (hard)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->6)      <!--[endif]-->My car is ___________________________ than yours.   (expensive)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->7)      <!--[endif]-->Does your sister have ___________ eyes than you have?.   (big)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->8)      <!--[endif]-->They always arrive ___________ than you, don´t they?.   (early)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->9)      <!--[endif]-->Women are ______________________and nice than men think.   (intelligent)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->10)  <!--[endif]-->Is your mother ___________ than your father?.   (old)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->11)  <!--[endif]-->He is _________ than I am.         (tall)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->12)  <!--[endif]-->I am ______________ than he is.(short)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->13)  <!--[endif]-->You have a __________ idea than mine.(big)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->14)  <!--[endif]-->This subject is ___________ than those ones.(easy)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->15)  <!--[endif]-->The woman that I love is ____________ than the others.(pretty)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->16)  <!--[endif]-->My car is _____________________ than yours.(expensive)

KEYS

<!--[if !supportLists]-->1)      (younger)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->2)     (colder)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->3)     (easier)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->4)     (faster)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->5)      (harder)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->6)      (more expensive)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->7)     (bigger)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->8)      (earlier)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->9)      (more intelligent)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->10)   (older)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->11)   (taller)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->12)   (shorter)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->13)  (bigger)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->14)  (easier)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->15)  (prettier)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->16)  (more expensive)

Lee los datos y después elige la frase correcta
 
Principio del formulario
1. James tiene 1,80 y Mark tiene 1,70
a: James is more tall than Mark 

2. Chris saca notable en todos sus exámenes y James los suspende
a: Chris is more cleverer than James 

3. Mi casa tiene 100 metros cuadrados y la de John tiene 120.
a: John's house is more big than mine

 
Final del formulario
Principio del formulario
4. Jane es delgada pero Sarah es gorda
a: Sarah is fatter than Jane 
b: Sarah is more fater than Jane 






c: Sarah is fater than Jane 

KEYS
1. c
2. b.
3. b



Escribe los comparativos en cada oración. Puedes encontrar los adjetivos entre paréntesis.
Final del formulario





Escribe las adjetivos en forma comparativa, los puedes encontrar en el paréntesis al final de la frase.

1. Mexico is……………..than France. (big)
México es más grande que Francia.

Ronaldinho is …………….. than Maradona. (good)
Ronaldinho es mejor que Maradona.


2. A Ferarri is……………… than a BMW. (expensive)
Un Ferarri es más caro que un BMW.

3. Norway is …………….than Brazil. (cold)
Noruega es más frio que Brasil.

4. Bill Gates is ............... than me. (rich)
Bill Gates es más rico que yo.



KEYS: 
1. bigger
2. better
3. more expensive
4. colder
5.richer

COMPARATIVOS ER Y EST

1. She’s a pretty girl. She’s ____________________ girl in my class
2. There are many exciting cities in North America, but I think New York is_______________.
3. August is a hot month in Spain. It’s usually__________________month of the year
4. I was so happy when I got married. My wedding day was _________________ day of my life
5. It’s such an expensive restaurant. I think it’s the_____________restaurant in Madrid
6. It’s a very interesting book. It’s one of the _________________books I’ve ever read.

KEYS
1. She’s a pretty girl. She’s the prettiest girl in my class.
2. There are many exciting cities in North America, but I think New York is the most exciting.
3. August is a hot month in Spain. It’s usually the hottest month of the year.
4. I was so happy when I got married. My wedding day was the happiest day of my life.
5. It’s such an expensive restaurant. I think it’s the most expensive restaurant in Madrid.
6. It’s a very interesting book. It’s one of the most interesting books I’ve ever read. 


________________________________________________________________________
1. My motorbike isn’t very fast. I’d like .
2. My husband isn’t very rich. I need
.
3. Your computer is old now. You need
.
4. His camera isn’t very good. He needs
.
5. It isn’t very hot today. It was
yesterday.
6. I’m not very interested in football. I’m
in tennis.

Soluciones
. My motorbike isn’t very fast. I’d like a faster motorbike.
2. My husband isn’t very rich. I need
a richer husband.
3. Your computer is old now. You need
a new computer.
4. His camera isn’t very good. He needs
a better camera.
5. It isn’t very hot today. It was
hotter yesterday.
6. I’m not very interested in football. I’m
more interested in tennis.






b: John's house is bigger than mine 

b: Chris is cleverer than James 

b: James is smaller than Mark 

c: James is taller than Mark

c: Chris is intelligenter than James

c: John's house is biger than mine.

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