jueves, 17 de diciembre de 2015

TO BE PRESENT AND PAST

TO BE

PRESENT



PAST







El verbo 'To be' tiene una importancia especial en inglés. Se corresponde a los verbos españoles "ser" y "estar". Dependiendo del sentido de la frase deduciremos de cual de los dos se trata.
I am English / Soy inglés
I am in England / Estoy en Inglaterra
Tiene algunos usos especiales distintos a sus equivalentes españoles. 
- Sirve para expresar la edad, en cuyo caso se traduce por 'tener':
Mary is 20 years old / Maria tiene 20 años
I am 21 / Yo tengo 21 años
How old are you? / ¿Cuántos años tienes?

- Para expresar las sensaciones también se emplea el verbo 'to be' y equivale al 'tener' español.
Are you hungry? / ¿Tienes hambre?
He is thirsty / Tiene sed

- También para hablar sobre el tiempo atmosférico. En este caso se traduce por 'hacer'
It's windy / Hace viento
It's very cold / Hace mucho frío

PRESENTE DE INDICATIVO

FORMA AFIRMATIVAFORMA NEGATIVAFORMA INTERROGATIVA
I am (I'm)I am not (I'm not)am I?
soy, estoyno soy, no estoy¿soy yo?, ¿estoy yo?
you are (you're)you are not (you're not)are you?
eres, estásno eres, no estás¿eres tú?, ¿estás tú?
he is (he's)he is not (he's not)is he?
él es, estáél no es, no está¿es él?, ¿está él?
we are (we're)we are not (we're not)are we?
somos, estamosno somos, no estamos¿somos?, ¿estamos?
you are (you're)you are not (you're not)are you?
sois, estáisno sois, no estáis¿sois?, ¿estáis?
they are (they're)they are not (they're not)are they?
ellos son, estánellos no son, no están¿son, están ellos?
PRETERITO (se corresponde al pretérito indefinido y al pretérito imperfecto español)
FORMA AFIRMATIVAFORMA NEGATIVAFORMA INTERROGATIVA
I wasI was not (I wasn't)was I?
fui, era / estuve, estabano fui, no era / no estuve, no estaba¿fui?, ¿era? / ¿estuve?, ¿estaba?
you wereyou were not (you weren't)were you?
fuiste, eras / estuviste, estabasno fuiste, no eras / no estuviste, no estabas¿fuiste?, ¿eras? / ¿estuviste?, ¿estabas?
he washe was not (he wasn't)was he?
fue, era / estuvo, estabano fue, no era / no estuvo, no estaba¿fue?, ¿era? / ¿estuvo?. ¿estaba?
we werewe were not (we weren't)were we?
fuimos, éramos, / estuvimos, estábamosno fuimos, no éramos, / no estuvimos, no estábamos¿fuimos?, ¿éramos? / ¿estuvimos?, estábamos
you wereyou were not (you weren't)were you?
fuisteis, erais, / estuvisteis, estabaisno fuisteis, no erais / no estuvisteis, no estabais¿fuisteis?, ¿erais?, /  ¿estuvisteis?, ¿estabais?
they werethey were not (they weren't)were they?
fueron, eran / estuvieron, estabanno fueron, no eran / no estuvieron, no estaban¿fueron?, ¿eran? / ¿estuvieron?, ¿estaban?



En el Presente, las formas afirmativa y negativa se pueden contraer, mientras que en la forma interrogativa no. En el pretérito solamente la forma negativa puede contraerse.
Las formas contraidas suelen utilizarse en la conversación, pero no se usan de forma escrita salvo cuando el propio escrito tiene un carácter informal o refleja una conversación.
TO BE + INFINITIVO
Cuando al verbo 'to be' le sigue un infinitivo adquiere una importancia especial:
- Es una forma de dar instrucciones u órdenes de manera impersonal.
She is to stay here till we return / Ella debe quedarse aquí hasta que volvamos
(en lugar de 'She must stay....')

- Sirve para establecer un plan
She is to be married next year / Ella va a casarse el año próximo
TO BE + GOING TO
Expresa una forma de futuro. Equivale a las expresiones españolas "ir a..., estar punto de... tener la intención de..., etc."
We are going to the theatre tonight / Vamos al teatro esta noche

I am going to travel to Buenos Aires next Monday / Tengo la 

intención de viajar a Buenos Aires el próximo lunes.


EXERCISES


http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=2813

http://www.anglomaniacy.pl/printables.htm

http://www.agendaweb.org/verbs/to-be-exercises.html




IRREGULAR VERBS

IRREGULAR VERBS





LISTA EN PDF



Irregular Verbs

What Are Irregular Verbs?

Irregular verbs are verbs that don’t take on the regular –d, -ed, or -ied spelling patterns of the past simple (V2) or past participle (V3). Many of the irregular V2 and V3 forms are the same, such as: cut – cut, had – had, let – let, hurt – hurt, fed- fed, sold-sold

Irregular Verb Examples

Irregular verbs are also known as strong verbs. Here are nine that are used more often than the rest. These nine irregular verb examples also happen to be among the most commonly used words in the English language. They are:
  • Go
  • Get
  • Say
  • See
  • Think
  • Make
  • Take
  • Come
  • Know
The following examples show how irregular verbs are used in sentences. Some sentences contain more than one example.
  1. Go get your brother. It’s time to eat dinner.
    → In this example, all three irregular verbs (go, get, and eat) are in base form.
  2. I want to build a sand castle like the one we built last year.
    → In this example, the irregular verb build is in base form. The irregular verb built is the past simple form of “build”. When you look at the complete list of examples, you’ll notice that built is also the past participle of the irregular verb “build”.
  3. He bet me that I couldn’t run five miles without stopping. I proved him wrong; I ranseven miles before I had to catch my breath.
    → In this example, bet is a past simple form. When you look at the complete list, you will see that all three forms of “bet” are the same. Next, in the same sentence, the irregular verb run is in base form. In the next sentence, ran is the past simple form of “run” and had is the past simple form of “have.” Meanwhile, catch is base form.
  4. awoke to find that a spider had bitten me. Although the wound didn’t bleed, it itched terribly.
    → In this example, the irregular verb awoke is the past simple form of “awake.” Bitten is past participle form of “bite” and bleed is base form.
  5. Let’s drink some of this lemonade. I drank some yesterday and found it delicious.
    → In this example, the irregular verb drink is in base form. Drank is the past simple form of “drink,” and found is the past simple form of “find.”



ONLINE EXERCICES








WORKSHEETS




























miércoles, 9 de diciembre de 2015

miércoles, 2 de diciembre de 2015

WE ARE THE WORLD SONG

WE ARE THE WORLD







USA FOR AFRICA



"We're The World (USA For Africa)"
There comes a time when we heed a certain call
When the world must come together as one
There are people dying
And it's time to lend a hand to life
The greatest gift of all

We can't go on pretending day by day
That someone, somewhere will soon make a change
We all are a part of God's great big family
And the truth, you know,
Love is all we need

[Chorus:]
We are the world, we are the children
We are the ones who make a brighter day
So let's start giving
There's a choice we're making
We're saving our own lives
It's true we'll make a better day
Just you and me

Send them your heart so they'll know that someone cares
And their lives will be stronger and free
As God has shown us by turning stone to bread
So we all must lend a helping hand

[Chorus]

When you're down and out, there seems no hope at all
But if you just believe there's no way we can fall
Well...well...well
Let's realize that a change can only come
When we stand together as one

[Chorus]


viernes, 20 de noviembre de 2015

ANAYA, LIBRO INTERACTIVO 6º CABALLERO DE LA ROSA

ANAYA, LIBRO INTERACTIVO 6º CABALLERO DE LA ROSA


ENLACE DIRECTO AL LIBRO INTERACTIVO    http://www.anayaeducacion.es/index_alumnado.php



want x to/ need to

want (pronoun) to // need to //// have to // must



Want

We use the verb want to talk about wishes and needs, and to give advice:
What do you want for dinner tonight? (wish or desire)
The kitchen wants painting. (needs)
You want to get your tickets soon before they’re all sold out. (I advise you to)
Most uses of want involve the simple forms of the verb (want, wants, wanted). When we are talking about wishes or desires we can also use the continuous form (is wanting, was wanting, will be wanting).

Want meaning ‘wish’ or ‘desire’

We always follow want with a complement of some kind. The complement completes the meaning of the clause. The complement can be a noun or pronoun as an object, or a verb in the to-infinitive form, or an object plus a verb in the to-infinitive form:
A:
D’you want a drink? I’ve just made some coffee. (noun object)
B:
Oh, yes, please.
Not: D’you want?
She said I could have her old bike, but I don’t want it. (pronoun object)
Not: … but I don’t want.
This is a new kind of fruit juice I got. D’you want to try it? (to-infinitive)
Not: Do you want try it?
The teacher wants her to do the exams again next year. (object + to-infinitive)
Not: The teacher wants that she does the exams …
In reduced clauses (e.g. short answers), we can use the to without its verb:
A:
Is Elsa going to France with you?
B:
No. She doesn’t want to. (She doesn’t want to go [to France].)
Not: She doesn’t want.
He wanted to leave school at sixteen, but his parents didn’t want him to.
Warning:
We don’t use want with a that-clause:
want you to tidy your room before the visitors come.
Not: I want that you tidy your room …

Want with wh-words (whatever you want)

We can use wh-words such as what, when, whenever, wherever, whoeverbefore want. In such cases, it is often not necessary to use the infinitive toafter want:
You don’t have to stay for the whole lecture. You can leave wheneveryou want. (or … whenever you want to.)
A:
Would you like some of these carrots from our garden?
B:
Oh, yes, please.
A:
Take what you want.

Want with if

In statements with if, it is often not necessary to use the infinitive to afterwant:
She can park her car at our house, if she wants.
However, we use the infinitive to after want in negative clauses with if:
He doesn’t have to stay the night if he doesn’t want to.

Want in the continuous form

We can use want in the continuous form to show indirectness or politeness:
Customer:
We’re wanting to buy a new TV, but we’re not sure what to get.
Assistant:
Okay, sir. Let me show you some of them.
was wanting to ask you something. Are you free right now?
We can also use the continuous form to emphasise an ongoing or repeated process:
We’d been wanting to go to New Zealand for years, so his sixtieth birthday was a good excuse.
Now that she’s a teenager she’s wanting expensive things, you know, computers, clothes, sports stuff.

Want meaning ‘need’

We can use want with the -ing form of a verb to say that something is necessary or should be done. This usage is quite informal:
Your hair wants cutting. (needs to be cut)
That cupboard wants clearing out.
In informal situations, we can also use want + -ing in a similar way to the construction have something done:
Have you got any shirts you want washing? (which you want to have washed)

Want for advice and warnings

In informal situations, we can use want plus the to-infinitive to advise, recommend or warn. It is almost always in the present simple, but we can also use it with ’ll (the short form of will):
You want to be careful riding your bike in town. There’ve been some bad accidents lately. (you should be careful)
What you’ll want to do, you’ll want to take that bit off and clean it with oil or something.


vídeos explicativos


want//need


present simple

negative form



interrogative form



 




must

to have to





 

web activities


http://www.tolearnenglish.com/exercises/exercise-english-2/exercise-english-60531.php

http://first-english.org/english_learning/english_beginners/would_want_to/04_want_to_sentences_exercises.htm

http://www.autoenglish.org/trickywords/gr.like.pdf

http://www.autoenglish.org/modalverbs/gr.need.pdf

http://bogglesworldesl.com/kids_worksheets/have_to.htm

http://bogglesworldesl.com/kids_worksheets/basicverbs.htm

http://bogglesworldesl.com/kids_worksheets/have.htm

http://www.agendaweb.org/verbs/modals-must-have-to-exercises.html

http://www.tolearnenglish.com/exercises/exercise-english-2/exercise-english-49540.php

http://first-english.org/english_learning/english_beginners/would_want_to/05_want_to_negative_form_exercises.htm

http://first-english.org/english_learning/english_beginners/would_want_to/06_want_to_questions_exercises.htm

http://first-english.org/english_learning/english_tenses/simple_present/a_simple_present_exercises.htm

http://first-english.org/english_learning/english_tenses/simple_present/70_simple_present_negatives_exercise.htm

http://first-english.org/english_learning/english_tenses/simple_present/57_simple_present_englisch_questions_exercises.htm








domingo, 18 de octubre de 2015

CABALLERO DE LA ROSA



CABALLERO DE LA ROSA



MUCHAS VOCES HACEN SUEÑOS


video

FELIZ SOCIOAPRENDIZAJE







PDT: muy orgullosa del trabajo de este centro, de las familias,alumnos, amigos y compañeros

domingo, 11 de octubre de 2015

TOO MANY TOO MUCH ENOIGH

TOO MANY
TOO MUCH
ENOUGH







TOO: demasiado.  Siempre va delante de adjetivos y/o adverbios. 

Ejemplo:  It's too cold today:  Hoy hace demasiado frío hoy.



TOO MUCH:  demasiado/demasiada.  Utilizamos esta forma delante de nombres en SINGULAR.
Ejemplo:  There is too much cheese in the fridge:  Hay demasiado queso en el frigorífico.  There is too much snow in the street:  Hay demasiada nieve en la calle.



TOO MANY:  demasiados/demasiadas.  Se utiliza siempre delante de nombres en PLURAL.
Ejemplo:  There are too many chairs in the room:  hay demasiadas sillas en la habitación.  Don't eat too many sweets:  No comas demasiados caramelos.



ENOUGH:  suficiente/suficientemente.  Este adverbiose coloca de diferente manera dependiendo de si estamos hablando de un nombre o de un adjetivo.  Por lo tanto, lo colocaremos DELANTE de los nombres y DETRÁS de los adjetivos.
Ejemplo:  The man isn't strong enough:  El hombre no es lo suficientemente fuerte.   Have you bought enough beer?  ¿Has comprado suficiente cerveza?





Y AHORA UNOS EJERCICIOS PARA QUE PRACTIQUÉIS.
AND NOW SOME EXERCISES FOR YOU TO PRACTISE.



1.- Write  in the blanks too, too much, too many.  Escribe en los huecos too, too much, too many.

- The baby is drinking __________ water.
- Summer in the South of Spain is ________ hot.
- I have  done __________ exercises.
- This is a very rich woman, she has got ___________ houses.
- I'm going to bed right now, I'm _________ tired.
- You mustn't say that this job is _______ easy.
- There are _________ cars here.


2.- Rewrite each sentence using the adverb "enough". Escribe de nuevo cada frase utilizando el adverbio "enough".

- It isn't hot to go to the swimming-pool.>
- You are intelligent to pass the exam. >
- Your friend Lucy is beautiful to be a model. >
- I don't have paper to write a long letter. >
- Please, buy milk for all of us. >
- She hasn't got money to buy a new house. >
- You don't speak loud so I can't hear you. >