jueves, 17 de diciembre de 2015

TO BE PRESENT AND PAST

TO BE

PRESENT



PAST







El verbo 'To be' tiene una importancia especial en inglés. Se corresponde a los verbos españoles "ser" y "estar". Dependiendo del sentido de la frase deduciremos de cual de los dos se trata.
I am English / Soy inglés
I am in England / Estoy en Inglaterra
Tiene algunos usos especiales distintos a sus equivalentes españoles. 
- Sirve para expresar la edad, en cuyo caso se traduce por 'tener':
Mary is 20 years old / Maria tiene 20 años
I am 21 / Yo tengo 21 años
How old are you? / ¿Cuántos años tienes?

- Para expresar las sensaciones también se emplea el verbo 'to be' y equivale al 'tener' español.
Are you hungry? / ¿Tienes hambre?
He is thirsty / Tiene sed

- También para hablar sobre el tiempo atmosférico. En este caso se traduce por 'hacer'
It's windy / Hace viento
It's very cold / Hace mucho frío

PRESENTE DE INDICATIVO

FORMA AFIRMATIVAFORMA NEGATIVAFORMA INTERROGATIVA
I am (I'm)I am not (I'm not)am I?
soy, estoyno soy, no estoy¿soy yo?, ¿estoy yo?
you are (you're)you are not (you're not)are you?
eres, estásno eres, no estás¿eres tú?, ¿estás tú?
he is (he's)he is not (he's not)is he?
él es, estáél no es, no está¿es él?, ¿está él?
we are (we're)we are not (we're not)are we?
somos, estamosno somos, no estamos¿somos?, ¿estamos?
you are (you're)you are not (you're not)are you?
sois, estáisno sois, no estáis¿sois?, ¿estáis?
they are (they're)they are not (they're not)are they?
ellos son, estánellos no son, no están¿son, están ellos?
PRETERITO (se corresponde al pretérito indefinido y al pretérito imperfecto español)
FORMA AFIRMATIVAFORMA NEGATIVAFORMA INTERROGATIVA
I wasI was not (I wasn't)was I?
fui, era / estuve, estabano fui, no era / no estuve, no estaba¿fui?, ¿era? / ¿estuve?, ¿estaba?
you wereyou were not (you weren't)were you?
fuiste, eras / estuviste, estabasno fuiste, no eras / no estuviste, no estabas¿fuiste?, ¿eras? / ¿estuviste?, ¿estabas?
he washe was not (he wasn't)was he?
fue, era / estuvo, estabano fue, no era / no estuvo, no estaba¿fue?, ¿era? / ¿estuvo?. ¿estaba?
we werewe were not (we weren't)were we?
fuimos, éramos, / estuvimos, estábamosno fuimos, no éramos, / no estuvimos, no estábamos¿fuimos?, ¿éramos? / ¿estuvimos?, estábamos
you wereyou were not (you weren't)were you?
fuisteis, erais, / estuvisteis, estabaisno fuisteis, no erais / no estuvisteis, no estabais¿fuisteis?, ¿erais?, /  ¿estuvisteis?, ¿estabais?
they werethey were not (they weren't)were they?
fueron, eran / estuvieron, estabanno fueron, no eran / no estuvieron, no estaban¿fueron?, ¿eran? / ¿estuvieron?, ¿estaban?



En el Presente, las formas afirmativa y negativa se pueden contraer, mientras que en la forma interrogativa no. En el pretérito solamente la forma negativa puede contraerse.
Las formas contraidas suelen utilizarse en la conversación, pero no se usan de forma escrita salvo cuando el propio escrito tiene un carácter informal o refleja una conversación.
TO BE + INFINITIVO
Cuando al verbo 'to be' le sigue un infinitivo adquiere una importancia especial:
- Es una forma de dar instrucciones u órdenes de manera impersonal.
She is to stay here till we return / Ella debe quedarse aquí hasta que volvamos
(en lugar de 'She must stay....')

- Sirve para establecer un plan
She is to be married next year / Ella va a casarse el año próximo
TO BE + GOING TO
Expresa una forma de futuro. Equivale a las expresiones españolas "ir a..., estar punto de... tener la intención de..., etc."
We are going to the theatre tonight / Vamos al teatro esta noche

I am going to travel to Buenos Aires next Monday / Tengo la 

intención de viajar a Buenos Aires el próximo lunes.


EXERCISES


http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=2813

http://www.anglomaniacy.pl/printables.htm

http://www.agendaweb.org/verbs/to-be-exercises.html




IRREGULAR VERBS

IRREGULAR VERBS





LISTA EN PDF



Irregular Verbs

What Are Irregular Verbs?

Irregular verbs are verbs that don’t take on the regular –d, -ed, or -ied spelling patterns of the past simple (V2) or past participle (V3). Many of the irregular V2 and V3 forms are the same, such as: cut – cut, had – had, let – let, hurt – hurt, fed- fed, sold-sold

Irregular Verb Examples

Irregular verbs are also known as strong verbs. Here are nine that are used more often than the rest. These nine irregular verb examples also happen to be among the most commonly used words in the English language. They are:
  • Go
  • Get
  • Say
  • See
  • Think
  • Make
  • Take
  • Come
  • Know
The following examples show how irregular verbs are used in sentences. Some sentences contain more than one example.
  1. Go get your brother. It’s time to eat dinner.
    → In this example, all three irregular verbs (go, get, and eat) are in base form.
  2. I want to build a sand castle like the one we built last year.
    → In this example, the irregular verb build is in base form. The irregular verb built is the past simple form of “build”. When you look at the complete list of examples, you’ll notice that built is also the past participle of the irregular verb “build”.
  3. He bet me that I couldn’t run five miles without stopping. I proved him wrong; I ranseven miles before I had to catch my breath.
    → In this example, bet is a past simple form. When you look at the complete list, you will see that all three forms of “bet” are the same. Next, in the same sentence, the irregular verb run is in base form. In the next sentence, ran is the past simple form of “run” and had is the past simple form of “have.” Meanwhile, catch is base form.
  4. awoke to find that a spider had bitten me. Although the wound didn’t bleed, it itched terribly.
    → In this example, the irregular verb awoke is the past simple form of “awake.” Bitten is past participle form of “bite” and bleed is base form.
  5. Let’s drink some of this lemonade. I drank some yesterday and found it delicious.
    → In this example, the irregular verb drink is in base form. Drank is the past simple form of “drink,” and found is the past simple form of “find.”



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miércoles, 9 de diciembre de 2015

miércoles, 2 de diciembre de 2015

WE ARE THE WORLD SONG

WE ARE THE WORLD







USA FOR AFRICA



"We're The World (USA For Africa)"
There comes a time when we heed a certain call
When the world must come together as one
There are people dying
And it's time to lend a hand to life
The greatest gift of all

We can't go on pretending day by day
That someone, somewhere will soon make a change
We all are a part of God's great big family
And the truth, you know,
Love is all we need

[Chorus:]
We are the world, we are the children
We are the ones who make a brighter day
So let's start giving
There's a choice we're making
We're saving our own lives
It's true we'll make a better day
Just you and me

Send them your heart so they'll know that someone cares
And their lives will be stronger and free
As God has shown us by turning stone to bread
So we all must lend a helping hand

[Chorus]

When you're down and out, there seems no hope at all
But if you just believe there's no way we can fall
Well...well...well
Let's realize that a change can only come
When we stand together as one

[Chorus]