jueves, 7 de marzo de 2013

TO HAVE// HAVE GOT

El verbo 'to have' tiene en español el significado principal de 'tener' y 'haber'. Puede tener también otros significados, como 'tomar'. Conoceremos su traducción apropiada dependiendo del sentido de la frase.
I have a new car / Tengo un coche nuevo
I have worked / He trabajado
I have coffee / Tomo café


INFINITIVO
PRETERITOPARTICIPIO
to have
haber, tener
hadhube, había, tuve, teníahadhabido, tenido


PRESENTE DE INDICATIVO
 


Oberva que la tercera persona singular se forma de manera irregular (cambia de 'have' a 'has').
EL PRETÉRITO (que corresponde en español al pretérito indefinido y al pretérito imperfecto)




TO HAVE COMO AUXILIAR
- Sirve para formar los tiempos compuestos cuando acompaña al participio de los verbos.
I have played / He jugado
I had played / Había jugado

- Cuando va seguido de un infinitivo, equivale a la expresión española 'tener que'.
I have to go / Tengo que ir
I have to read that book / Tengo que leer ese libro

  Diferencia entre have + to + infinitivo y 'must'   'Must' en su sentido de obligación, se usa para dar órdenes o para hacer que alguien o uno mismo cumpla con un cierto compromiso:  You must stop smoking / Tiene que dejar de fumar (Dice el médico)   Cuando se trata de órdenes externas impuestas, (leyes, normas, etc) o dictadas por terceros, es más usual el empleo de 'to have to'    The doctor says I have to stop smoking / El médico dice que tengo que dejar de fumar   En forma negativa, 'must not' expresa una prohibición. En cambio, 'don't have' to indica que algo no es necesario, es decir, que no existe obligación. You mustn't listen to other people's conversations.
No debes escuchar las conversaciones de otras personas.
You don't have to listen to the speech if you don't want to.
No tienes que escuchar el discurso si no quieres.
    USOS DE TO HAVE - Indica posesión. She has a big house in Ireland / Tiene una gran casa en Irlanda - Tomar (alimentos) I have breakfast at seven in the morning / Tomo el desayuno a las siete de la mañana
I don't have coffee / Yo no tomo café
- Dar (una fiesta, un paseo, una mirada...) We're having a party next Saturday / Vamos a dar una fiesta el próximo sábado
I usually have a walk on Saturday mornings / Normalmente doy un paseo los sábados por la mañana
Can I have a look at your magazine? / ¿Puedo dar un vistazo a su revista?
- Se usa habitualmente en modismos (frases hechas). La estructura más frecuente (no la única) es:
'to have' + 'a' + sustantivo
To have a rest / Descansar
To have a swim / Nadar
To have a walk / Pasear
   
¿HAVE? O ¿HAVE GOT...?
  Algunas personas, sobre todo al sur de Inglaterra, suelen añadir 'got'  (participio pasado del verbo 'to get', que no tiene traducción en este caso) después de 'have', construyendo la forma negativa e interrogativa como si 'have' fuese un auxiliar. I've got a new house (en lugar de I have a new house) / Tengo una nueva casa
Have you got a cigarette?. No, I haven't.
(en lugar de Do you have a cigarette? No, I haven't).
¿Tiene vd. un cigarrillo?. No, no lo tengo.
  Debemos tener claro que usar solamente 'have' es correcto, pero que el uso de 'got' no siempre es adecuado acompañando a 'have'. Generalmente, el uso de 'got' es más corriente en inglés británico y menos usual en inglés americano. - Puede usarse 'have got' cuando estamos hablando de que alguien posee una determinada cosa o cuando estamos mencionando una cualidad o característica que alguien o algo tiene. I've got a new car / Tengo un coche nuevo
He's got a good memory / Tiene buena memoria.
- Puede usarse 'have got to' cuando decimos que debemos realizar una determinada acción, o que algo es necesario o debe ocurrir de una determinada manera. I've got to go. - Do you have to? / Tengo que irme. - ¿De verdad (tienes que irte)?
I'm not happy with the situation, but I've got to accept it
No estoy contento con la situación, pero tengo que aceptarla





EXERCICES
Traduce al inglés las siguientes frases:
1. John tiene un nuevo trabajo.

2. ¿Qué tienes en esa maleta?.

3. Tengo dos hijas.

4. Tienen muchos amigos en España.

5. ¿Tienes un minuto?.


KEYS
1. John has got (has) a new job.
2. What have you got (do you have) in that case?
3. I've got (I have) two daughters.
4. They've got (They have) a lot of friends in Spain.
5. Have you got (Do you have) a minute?


Pon los verbos TO HAVE y TO HAVE GOT en la forma adecuada: afirmativa, negativa o interrogativa.Si se trata de una respuesta corta, pon el verbo que sale en la pregunta en la forma correcta.
1. Jane (have got) a daughter and a son.
2. you (have) a lot of friends?. No, I .
3. Can you tell me the time? I (not have got) a watch.
4. you (have got) a computer at home? No, I .
5. Larry (not have got)a mobile phone.
6. They are very busy at work. They (not have) time.
7. Mark (have) a new girlfriend? Yes, he .
8. they (have got) a pet? Yes, they .
9. Jane (have got) a dictionary? No, she .
10. your mother (have got) blue eyes? Yes, she .
 
 
 
 
Transforma las siguinetes frases en frases negativas o interrogativas, según las instrucciones entre paréntesis.
1. Dan has got a dictionary. (negative)
.
2. Laura has twins. (interrogative)
?
3. They have got relatives in France. (interrogative)
?
4. We have free time at the weekend. (negative)
.
5. You have got green eyes. (negative)
.
6. You have a beard. (interrogative)
?
7. He has got a big flat in Berlin. (interrogative)
?
8. She has a cup of coffee in the morning. (negative)
.
9. We have a cat and a dog. (negative)
.
10. They have got a house in the country. (interrogative)
 
 
 
 
 
Put in have to or has to into the gaps.

Example: I _________ get up early every day.

Answer: I have to get up early every day.
1) They write a test.
2) She clean her desk.
3) Ken and Liz learn English words.
4) Andy help his brother.
5) We do our homework.
6) He write with a pencil.
7) I feed the hamster.
8) You take photos.
9) Victoria read the newspaper.
10) The teacher send a text message.

   

FIRST CONDITIONAL







FIRST CONDITIONAL
EXAMPLES
- We use the first conditional to express possibility in the present or in the future.
- The subordinate clause (If-clause) has a verb in the present simple. The main clause is always in the future.
- "If I don't study, I won't pass my exams"
- "If the weather is good, we'll go for a walk in the park."
- "I will buy that CD if I have enough money."



We use the First Conditional to talk about future events that are likely to happen.
  • If we take John, he'll be really pleased.
  • If you give me some money, I'll pay you back tomorrow.
  • If they tell us they want it, we'll have to give it to them.
  • If Mary comes, she'll want to drive.
The 'if' clause can be used with different present forms.
  • If I go to New York again, I'll buy you a souvenir from the Empire State Building.
  • If he's feeling better, he'll come.
  • If she hasn't heard the bad news yet, I'll tell her.
The "future clause" can contain 'going to' or the future perfect as well as 'will'.
  • If I see him, I'm going to tell him exactly how angry I am.
  • If we don't get the contract, we'll have wasted a lot of time and money.
The "future clause" can also contain other modal verbs such as 'can' and 'must'.
  • If you go to New York, you must have the cheesecake in Lindy's.
  • If he comes, you can get a lift home with him.



EXERCICES

a) If you  (help) me with my homework, I  (finish) it in time to go to the cinema.

b) If it  (not/rain), the students  (practice) sport in the playground.

c) Jane  (come) home early if she  (not/be) very busy at work.

d) Our teacher  (be) pleased if we  (do) our homework.

e) If Robert  (play) football with us, we  (win) the match.



2. Look at the pictures and choose the correct option. What can we do to save our planet?

http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/my_documents/my_pictures/gallery/r/recycling.jpg http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/my_documents/my_pictures/gallery/w/water.jpg http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/my_documents/my_pictures/gallery/p/pollution.jpg http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/my_documents/my_pictures/gallery/c/car.jpg http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/my_documents/my_pictures/gallery/p/paper.jpg


a) If we  (recycle) more, we  (help) our planet.

b) If people  (share) their cars to go to work, there  (not/be) so many car fumes.

c) We  (save) thousands of trees if we  (waste) so much paper.

d) If the govenment  (fine) those who pollute the atmosphere, some factories  (stop) throwing waste into rivers.

e) If we only  (use) the water we need, we  (contribute) to our planet's recovery.



3. Choose the most appropriate ending for the following sentences:

a) If we keep polluting our planet,

b) If we use recycled paper and glass,

c) Children will be aware of the importance of recycling

d) If you have a shower instead of a bath,

e) If the environmental issues are taught at school,




Complete with the suitable verb tense
 
1.- He (forgive) you if you (tell) him the truth
2.- We  (not pass) the exam unless we (study) harder
3.- If she (take) a painkiller, she (feel) much better soon
4.- If your mother (ask) me, I (tell) her you went for a walk
5.-  ( you/buy) the T-shirt if she  (have got) it in your size?
6.- If they  (be) here tomorrow, they (try) to go to Susan’s party
7.-  (you/go) to the wedding if she  (send) you an invitation?
8.- If Mark and Sally (cut) the red wire, the bomb (explode)
9.- I (receive) a prize if my composition  (win) the contest
10.- If my boss  (not give) me more work, I (arrive) home early